It is important for a yoga teacher not only to know the basics of classical anatomy, but to understand the basic principles of the structure of the human body and the effect of yoga on the human body and health.
What is important to know about the basic principles of the structure of the human body?
First, it is necessary to take for the axiom that our body is one. From here follows the first important conclusion that if there is a problem in any place, it will affect other parts of the body. For example, a problem with the mobility of the hip joints may not allow straightening the knee in some asanas.
The second important conclusion from the above is that it may not hurt where the practitioner speaks or thinks. So, for example, often people complain of back pain, although in fact the problem is in the pelvis. It is important for a yoga teacher to know that the pelvis is the most problematic place in the human body, as it experiences the greatest stress.
The third important conclusion is that if there is tension in any part of the body, it will certainly affect other parts of the body. From the course of prenatal yoga, I know that tension in the face and especially around the mouth leads to tension in the uterus and, conversely, by relaxing the face and mouth, you can get rid of the tone of the uterus.
You should also know about Myers anatomical trains - all muscles are interconnected by motion vectors, and if there are blocks or clamps in the path of the "trains", then problems will arise with movement along the entire line. So, for example, neck pain can be associated with flat feet!
Secondly, it is important for a yoga teacher to know that the state of the body is closely related to the psycho-emotional state. Deep personal experiences always affect the condition and mobility of the heart, and anger on the liver. It becomes clear the importance of pranayama and meditation in practice.
Thirdly, it is important for a yoga teacher to know that the human body is a self-healing and self-sustaining system. We all understand this when we see how quickly the wound on the skin heals, or when we recover from an infectious disease. However, it is necessary to understand this postulate also at a deeper level, which will be discussed in a paragraph.
Fourthly, it is important for a yoga teacher to know that problems in the body primarily arise due to loss of mobility of internal organs.
Finally, it is important for a yoga teacher to know that organs will always be a priority over the musculoskeletal system. And since the body is a self-sustaining system, as mentioned above, if there is a problem, for example, with loss of mobility of the liver or uterus, this will affect the human pelvis.
The following conclusions can be drawn from the principles of the structure of the human body, which should be included in the practice for beginners and what should be paid attention to:
1) It is necessary to prepare a complex of asanas so that all joints and muscles, and especially the pelvic area, are worked out.
2) It is necessary to devote time to shavasana and focus on relaxing the most frequently pinched areas of the body (shoulders, face).
3) It is necessary to work out all muscle groups, and beginners need to include exercises for the development of muscle corset.
4) It is imperative to include pranayama and meditation in practice.
5) Include exercises on vital organs in the complex of asanas.
What is important for the teacher to know about the effect of yoga on the body and human health? Let us examine separately the effect of yoga on the musculoskeletal system, muscles, circulatory system, respiratory system, digestive system, nervous system, hormonal system and central nervous system.
The influence of yoga on the musculoskeletal system is difficult to overestimate. Thanks to the implementation of static asanas, the load is removed from the stereotyped directions of the application of forces and the application of forces in unusual directions. As a result, bones are strengthened and bone tissue is restored. Performing inclinations and deflections in such asanas such as marjariasana, chalabhasana, bhujangasana, ushtrasana, ardha matsyendrasana helps to improve the nutrition of the spine, redistribute the load on the intervertebral discs and unload the spine. As a result of regular performance of asanas, physiological restrictions in the joints are removed.
Yoga has a great effect on the muscles of a person. As a result of performing a balanced complex of asanas, all the muscles of the body work and they develop strength. After classes, muscle relaxation and removal of tone / clamps occur.
What is the effect of yoga on the circulatory system? Asanas improve blood circulation in the reserve vessels and organs by eliminating the clamps in the tissues surrounding the organs and due to the strong therapeutic effect of compression and subsequent relaxation. This means that the condition of the internal organs themselves is improving. For example, the liver can be improved by performing dhanurasana, chalabhasana, ardha matsyendrasana, gomukhasana, navasana, ushtrasana and bhujangasana. Also, performing asanas improves blood circulation around the joints, which leads to improved nutrition of cartilage. Performing inverted asanas, such as viparita karani, sarvangasana, halasana, improves the condition of veins and blood vessels.
Yoga undoubtedly has a huge effect on the respiratory system. Regular practice helps to increase the capacity and area of gas exchange in the lungs, as well as the time of holding the breath. During inverted asanas, pressure is applied to the diaphragm of the insides of the abdominal cavity, resulting in improved ventilation of the lungs. Pranayama require a greater expenditure of effort of the respiratory muscles, as a result, oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide emissions are reduced.
What is the effect of yoga on the digestive system? Increased intra-abdominal pressure in asanas such as mayurasana, chalabhasana, bhujangasana stimulates the motility of the gastrointestinal tract. Due to the implementation of twisting and some bandha (for example, uddiyana bandha), the gastrointestinal tract is massaged and intestinal motility is stimulated.
Yoga has a great effect on the human nervous system. Conscious, thoughtful performance of asanas leads to an increase in the level of awareness of bodily sensations and the amount of information coming from the body. Performing some pranayamas and bandhas promotes vivacity, and regular practice helps to reduce the body's response to constant stimuli, of which there are so many in the modern world.
As for the hormonal system, then yoga has a huge impact. Many asanas increase blood flow to the endocrine glands. So, for example, Matsyasana and Bhujangasana affect the thyroid gland, balasana - on the pituitary gland, ardha Matsyendrasana and pashchimottanasana - on the pancreas. This leads to a greater flow of biologically active substances to the body and to the return of its products into the bloodstream, which ultimately normalizes hormonal balance.
What is the effect of yoga on the central nervous system? Performing asanas activates muscle groups that are almost never involved in ordinary life. Since muscle groups are associated with certain areas of the cortex, the development of areas of the brain occurs, which ultimately affects mentality, mental activity and the ability to form new skills.
Thus, the regular practice of yoga, including asanas, pranayama, bandhas and meditation, has not only a healing effect on the entire human body, but also leads to the development of personality.